Bibliografia essenziale:

1 Muller UR. Insect sting allergy: clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment. Stuttgart-New York: Gustav Fisher Verlag 1990
2 Severino MG, Manfredi M, Zerboni R Reazioni da punture di Imenotteri: dati epidemiologici in Toscana. Atti del 18° Congresso SIAIC, 1987: 15
3 Mauriello PM, Barde SH., Georgitis JW., Reisman RE. Natural history of large local reactions from stinging insects. J. Allergy Clin Immunol 1984; 74: 494
4 Reisman RE. Natural history of insect sting allergy: relationship of severity symptoms of initial sting anaphylaxis to re-sting reactions. J. Allergy Clin Immunol 1992; 90: 335
5 Mueller H. Diagnosis and treatment of insect sensitivity. J.Asthma Res 1966; 3: 3
6 Severino MG, Manfredi M e Zerboni R. Toxic reactions induced by Hymenoptera venom Ethology Ecology Evolution 1991, 49-50
7 Muller UR., Mosbech H. Position paper: Immunotherapy with Hymenoptera venoms. Allergy 1993; 48: 37
8 Muller UR. New developments in the diagnosis and treatment of Hymenoptera venom allergy. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 2001; 124: 447
9 Severino MG., Campi P., Manfredi M., Macchia D., Turillazzi S. Allergia al veleno di Polistes europei. Giorn. It. Allergol. Immunol. Clin. 1998; 8:527
10 Bucher C., Korner P., Wuthrich B. Allergy to bumble bee venom Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2001, 1: 361
11 Blaauw PJ., Smithuis LMOJ. The evaluation of the common diagnostic methods of hypersensitivity for bee and yellow jacket venom by means of an in-hospital insect sting. J. Allergy Clin Immunol 1985; 75: 556
12 Severino MG., Macchia D., Manfredi M., Campi P. Polisensibilizzazione a veleno di Imenotteri: ruolo della RAST inibizione. Atti del Simposio Internazionale “Allergia al veleno d’insetti: up to date 2000; Ancona 22-23 sett 2000; 59
13 Einarsson R. Monitoring of antibodies in patients on immunotherapy with insect venoms by immunoblotting. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1987; 83: 217
14 Incorvaia C., Farioli L., Mauro M., Pravettoni V., Zerboni R., Pastorello EA. Pattern of IgE response to Yellow Jacket venom allergens in patients undergoing VIT protected or not from stings. Allergy 1995; 50 (Suppl. 26): 393
15 Zollner TM., Spengler K., Podda M., Ergezinger K., Kaufmann R., Boehncke W.- H. The Western blot is a highly sensitive and efficient technique in diagnosing allergy to wasp venom. Clinical and Expermental Allergy. 2001; 31: 1754
16 Nusslein HG., Baenkler HW. Spontaneous loss of hypersensitivity in patients allergic to bee or wasp stings: detection by venom-induced histamine release. Ann Allergy 1985; 54: 516
18 Rueff F., Przybilla B., Muller UR., Mosbech H. Position Paper. The sting challenge test in Hymenoptera venom allergy. Allergy 1996; 51:216
19 Pereira Santos MC:, Palma Carlos ML., Pedro E., Palma Carlos AG. Laboratory diagnosis of Hymenoptera venom allergy: comparative study between specific IgE, western blot and allergen leukocite stimulation (CAST). Allergie et immunologie 2002; 34: 6
20 Przybilla B., Rueff F. Test diagnostici nell’allergia al veleno degli imenotteri. Atti del Simposio Internazionale “Allergia al veleno d’insetti: up to date 2000; Ancona 22-23 sett 2000; 29
21 Sainte-Laudy J., Sabbah A., Drouet M., Lauret MG., Loiry M. Diagnosis of venom allergy by flow cytometry. C with clinical history, skin tests, specific IgE, histamine and leukotriene C4 release. Clin Exp Allergy 2000; 30: 1166
22 Platz IJ., Binder M., Marxer A., Lischka G., Valent P., Buhring HJ Hymenoptera-venom-induced upregulation of the basophil activation marker ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3 in sensitized individuals. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2001; 126: 335
23 Golden DBK., Sobotka AK., et al. Insect sting allergy with negative venom skin test responses. J. Allergy Clin Immunol 2001; 107: 897

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